"Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OER include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge." - William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
What are Open Educational Resources (OER)?
OER are educational materials that are specifically designed by their creator/s to be openly available, and are often licensed to be re-used, re-mixed, and re-distributed. Open is not just about low cost (though that is an important benefit of using OER) but about the ability to take what others have created, customize it for your specific educational needs, and then share your creation with others.
OER come in a variety of forms:
The open resource movement has been around for a while, starting with static learning objects (about 2000), and transitioning to OER that allowed for revision and reuse. It is the ever increasing cost of textbooks and materials for students that is now pushing the OER movement forward. Textbooks and learning materials cost students approximately $1,200 per year. According to the Chronicle of Higher Education, 7 in 10 students didn't purchase a textbook because it was too expensive. Through OER the cost of student materials can be drastically reduced. OER also give instructors the ability to customize the materials, creating the "perfect" textbook instead of being bound to traditional print resources.
The first step is finding OER, and that is what this guide is designed to do, so check out
PLEASE NOTE: While this guide is specifically designed to introduce OER to the Defiance College community, don't forget numerous electronic resources are available to you through the Pilgrim Library. Through Ohiolink and OPAL, Defiance College has licensed journals, databases, primary content, and an ever increasing number of ebooks. Though these are not "open" to everyone since these resources are restricted to DC faculty, staff and students (you have to have a DC id number to log-in to access) and they do not allow for customization and re-use in the same way as other OER, they are resources that you can definitely make available at no cost for your students.
Material in this LibGuide is adapted from:
Lansing Community College (LCC) Library Research Guide on Open Educational Resources (OER) by Regina Gong licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The University of Oklahoma Libraries Research Guild on Open Educational Resources by Jen Waller and Cody Taylor licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. All linked-to content adheres to its respective license.
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