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Overview of APA style and formatting guidelines

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Journal Article Reference

Learn how to format references for journal articles, including those published in print, online, or retrieved from research databases.

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© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Basic Journal Article Citation

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year). Title of
 Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), Page(s). doi.xx.xxxxxxx

Example, One Author:

Sutherland, M.B. (2000). Problems of diversity in policy and practice: Celtic languages in the
          United Kingdom. 
Comparative Education, 36(2), 199-209. doi:10.1080/03050060050045363

Example, Two Authors:

Sutherland, M.B., & Petty, M.L. (2004). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(3), 439-449.

Three to Six Authors:

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Example: Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S.

Example, More Than Seven Authors:

Joseph, A., Murphy, S., Thomas, J., Okuyemi, K. S., Hatsukami, D., Qi, W., ... Winickoff, J.P. (2014).
          A pilot study of concurrent lead and cotinine screening for childhood tobacco smoke
          exposure: Effect on parental smoking.
 American Journal of Health Promotion, 28(5), 316-320

If there are more than 7 authors, list the last names & first initials of the first 6 authors. After the 6th author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names, then provide the final author's name (see above example).


Magazine Article Citation

Author Last Name, Author First Initial. (Year, Month, Day). Article
 Magazine/Periodical title, volume(issue), page(s).


Elmer-DeWitt, P., & Farley, C.J. (1994, March 21). People who eat Hostess Twinkies. Time, 143(12),