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Overview of APA style and formatting guidelines

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Website Reference

Learn how to format references for any material found on websites, including lecture notes or PowerPoint slides.

Academic Writer

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

Nonperiodical Web document, Web page, or report

The general rule for citing Web pages in APA format is to include as much information as possible. If there is no date available, use (n.d.), which stands for "no date". More information about electronic sources is available on the Purdue OWL site.

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year, Month Day
          of publication).
Title of document. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx

Doctorow, C. (2009, August 13). Photos of science fiction writers' nests. Retrieved

Web page with no author

When there is no author for a Web page, the title of the page takes the place of the author and is listed first. If there is no date available, use (n.d.), which stands for "no date". If the website URL you are citing runs onto the next line, be sure to break the address after a "/" (http:// is an exception).

Title of document. (Year, Month, Day). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx


Tenn. couple accused of assault using Cheetos. (2009, June 27).  Retrieved