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Overview of APA style and formatting guidelines

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Journal Article Reference

Learn how to format references for journal articles, including those published in print, online, or retrieved from research databases.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.

Basic Journal Article Citation (Updated to 7th ed., 2020)

Author's Last Name, Author's First Initial. Author's Middle Initial. (Year). Title of
 Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), Page(s).

Example, One Author:

Sutherland, M.B. (2000). Problems of diversity in policy and practice: Celtic languages in the
          United Kingdom. 
Comparative Education, 36(2), 199-209.

Example, Two Authors:

Sutherland, M.B., & Petty, M.L. (2004). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency

hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(3), 439-449.

Three to twenty Authors:

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Example: Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S.

 If More Than Twenty Authors:

If there are 21 or more authors, list the last names & first initials of the first 19 authors. After the 19th author's name, use an ellipses to take the place of the remaining author names, except do provide the final author's name, without an ampersand            :

Pegion, K., Kirtman, B. P., Becker, E., Collins, D. C., LaJoie, E., Burgman, R., Bell, R., DelSole, R., Min, D., Zhu, Y., Li, W., Sinsky, E., Guan, H., Gottschalck, J., Metzger, E. J., Barton, N. P., Achuthavarier, D., Marshak, J., Koster, R., . . .  Kim, H. 

Magazine Article Citation (Updated to 7th ed., 2020)

Author Last Name, Author First Initial. (Year, Month, Day). Article
 Magazine/Periodical title, volume(issue), page(s).


Elmer-DeWitt, P., & Farley, C.J. (1994, March 21). People who eat Hostess Twinkies. Time, 143(12),

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